Internet of Things Concept
An Internet of things system consists of web-enabled smart devices that use integrated processors, sensors and communication hardware to collect and share data. IoT devices share sensor data collected by sensors and send it to an IoT gateway or other perimeter device where data is again sent to the cloud for analysis. There are various real-world applications of the internet of things – out of which we are going to discuss Smart Transportation for the time being.
Smart Transportation System
Smart cities need smart transportation services. Proper movement of people, goods and services accelerates the growth and development of a region. A well-planned and efficiently managed transportation network is essential for any society. But now in the urban areas standard transport system seems to fail in fulfilling these demands.
Problems in Standard transport system are listed below:
Traffic congestion and parking difficulties.
Public transport inadequacy.
Difficulties for non-motorized transport.
Loss of public space.
High infrastructure maintenance costs.
Environmental impacts and energy consumption.
High Accident risks and safety issues.
The best solution for these problems is a Smart transport system which can be seen as a robust application of Internet of things. This system analyses, control and communicate with ground transport safety, mobility and efficiency.
Smart transportation includes a wide range of applications that process and share information that can help to relieve congestion, improve traffic management, minimize environmental impact and thus, can increase the benefits of transportation for business users and general public.
As Internet of things is basically relayed upon sensors – Major purpose of Smart transportation system includes the processing and sharing of information gathered from sensors inside the vehicle and along the road or at public places to prevent vehicle collisions, maintain traffic and reduce environmental impact. For example, if an accident happens, a collision sensor in car can send information to all the other cars on road or can even transmit the information to nearby hospital thus making emergency services more effective.
Smart transport aims to provide innovative services related to various modes of transport and traffic management. It also enable vehicles to share information with other vehicles on the road including route information or any emergency situation on the way to destination, thus reducing time, cost and traffic congestion.
Benefits of Smart Transport System
Not only that Smart transport system will encourage people to use the public transport but better management of general public including people and public or private vehicles can be achieved through effective automation via internet of thing system (IoT). Smart planning and management of public transport with the help of real-time data analysis of different routes makes travel more safe and sound.
Internet-connected buses provide users with information which helps to understand vehicle schedules and provides a quick response to the users via digital means such as mobile apps. It also helps ensure the safety of people involved in public transportation systems.
No doubt, traffic according to the internet of things instructions has several benefits, such as improving efficiency and reducing accidents through real-time monitoring. Some of the possible benefits of such a system are defined below.
Smart parking solutions
Studies shows that 8-30% of the congested traffic is due to the vehicles looking for parking. Provision of intelligent and efficient parking systems can be made possible due to the magic of IoT, which optimize the use of parking spaces in cities and contribute to better traffic flow. Companies from all around the world are trying to make intelligent parking systems sustainable and useful to help the needs of different cities.
If travelers have advance information on the most appropriate route for their trip then travel will be easy and comfortable especially for a new area.
Real-time information gathered from online services and sensors all around about traffic conditions, traffic systems, tight turns and other route instructions can make travel easier. Integration of such a system within the vehicle can allow driver to access all the necessary information right on his car’s TV screen before continuing his journey.
Vehicle Security and Control:
Smart transport system includes provision of security and safety to vehicle operators through vehicle monitoring and control information. Drivers can not only assess their driving capabilities, road conditions and route information but also real-time access to the condition of vehicle, fuel levels, condition of major vehicle components, engine temperature etc. can be accessed by drivers to plan, manage or repair any fault before getting into inconvenience.
Drivers can be warned of any front or rear collision when changing lanes or turning at intersections, following the position of other vehicles. Advanced vehicle sensors can also help drivers during periods of low visibility due to bad weather or severe environmental conditions. The objective is to reduce the situation of accidents as well as emergency operators, of impending collisions.
Electronic Payment System:
With smart transportation system integration, consumers do not need to waste their time buying tickets for different modes of transportation. They can make a single electronic payment and get a fare card for buses, subways, trains, etc. The card can be reloaded online at retail stores or transit stations.
The purpose of Smart transport system is to promote the use of public transport in general. By providing single-point services and providing access to real-time transportation schedule information consumers take interest in public transportation. This help to reduce the use of private cars that in turn helps to reduce air pollution level. Such a system will also encourage people to use clean fuel, share bicycles and driving habits.
Security and Safety:
Real-time data analysis through GPS, CCTV, wireless connectivity and internet advanced detection technologies can help to prevent security mishaps. Smart transport system provide critical attention and emergency services for drivers and travelers when necessary. Public transport surveillance can help city administrators warn of terrorist elements and prevent mishaps or terrorist attacks.
Market for Mobile Apps:
The smart transportation of the new era depends largely on smartphones and mobile applications for route guides, weather forecasts, parking spaces, transit points, arrival and departure details, etc. This will boost the smartphone application market. Most of the information is available to internet which increase the use of web and mobile applications.
As an end note, smart systems incorporated with Internet of things and automation technologies can earn blessings for us in a number of ways. Smart Transportation is one of the major application of distributed Internet of things – that can be used as a tool to ensure safety, reduce accidents, predict and maintain disaster conditions and effectively manage city traffic, thus becoming a milestone in the achievement of smart cities as a whole.