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What in the world is Internet of things? Everything you need to know

To answer your question, the Internet of things is when we connect up everyday physical things to the Internet. Yes, Even things like shoes.

Let’s imagine a world where everything – even a bulb in your corridor and that fancy doorbell waiting for a visitor in front of your door – is connected to the world’s biggest network – Internet. What will happen if the water reservoir at your home is using internet to keep track of today’s temperature and use that to adjust the water temperature automatically? Or how it sounds if your coffee maker knows to keep the coffee ready before you arrive home?

The examples described above are not taken from a Science fiction movie but it’s around us, it’s here, it’s happening, it is Internet of Things.

Formally, as it itself describes,

These things can then give us information that can be utilized to improve your life or your business or the environment. Yes! Your door bell can tell things about your home! (Oh!) Who visited your home? When visited? How many of them were strangers?

Waittt!!! It’s just another industrial revolution. Just like when computers arrive and changed everything. The internet of things doesn’t just mean to collect and distribute information, it can also feel and intelligently respond.

Things like your fridge can be connected to internet to find out when your milk is going off and when you need to order some more. But it’s much more than that. In the medical field, in agriculture, in manufacturing, the internet of things is going to change the way we do things. It gathers processes that information and presents it back to human beings in a way that can understand. In the background, a lot of communication is going on between the machines or things – machine to machine communication.

So you may be wondering what the internet of things can do for us? Well, it can automate things. It can make our life easier. It can gather massive amounts of data that human beings can’t really cope with, but we can use that to predict what we need to do in the future. We can look at trends. We can take action before failures occur.

Impact of IoT:

Internet of things is going to cause a major impact on areas like medical and health, agricultural monitoring, industrial processes automation and management. Below are the three major pillars by which IoT is going to impact our world.

Access from miles away – As our physical objects will have internet connectivity, we can connect and control our things from anywhere in the world. For example, we can know our children arrive from school and can open the door by the push of a button while in office, or we can schedule the door to open automatically at 1:00 PM every day.

Process Monitoring – Sensors like humidity, moisture and temperature monitors can be used to monitor cold storage or warehouse and collected information can be used to make better decisions.

Future Predictions – Data collected from environmental sensors can be used to predict weather conditions or to predict any possible natural disaster. AI based algorithms and machine learning techniques can be used to further enhance and purify the data analyses process.

An example of an IoT system being monitored by using sensors and then provide data for analysis is Sydney Harbour Bridge. This iconic bridge is subjected to enormous amounts of traffic and has traditionally been monitored by inspectors. But now this bridge has 3.200 sensors deployed on it which measure vibrations and the data produced is used to monitor how the bridge is dealing with increased freight loads and traffic volumes.

Watch the video below to know more about the IoT on Sydeny Harbour Bridge.

Cisco-Sydney Harbour Bridge Case Study

Challenges to IoT:

So internet of things is going to solve all our problems. It’s going to solve all our worries in the world. No! It’s not.
It’s going to cause us some issues too. Some of these issues include security and privacy.

If we are gathering lots of data and it can be personal we should seriously take cyber security into account. Imagine you can be walking past a sign that announces you to go into the shop because there is something in there that is of interest. Do we really want that invasion into our private space? How are we going to keep away this information from people we don’t want to find out about it?

As an ending note. before deploying IoT at a huge scale, IoT standards and protcols should need to be defined properly especially for security and privacy.

This Post Has One Comment

  1. Ehsaan

    Thanks so much. This is very useful

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